Map of US military bases in Turkey
Turkey: Izmir (NATO joint ground forces command); Incirlik AVB; Kahramanmarash and Adana provinces (NATO Active barrier mission to cover the territory of Turkey from missile threats from Syria).
Ankara hosts the headquarters of the joint us military mission JUSMMAT (Joint United States Military Mission for Aid to Turkey), which coordinates the implementation of agreements between Turkey and the US on military assistance. In addition, the headquarters of the TUSLOG aviation group (Turkey United States Logistics Group) is located here, intended for servicing and logistics of US air force facilities in Turkey.
In the Pirinchlik area (25 km West of Diyarbakir, Eastern Anatolia), one of the largest centers for tracking the activities of the Soviet armed forces and ICBM launches from the territory of the USSR is equipped. It is equipped with three powerful radar stations and automatic data processing equipment. On its territory (about 46 km2), a SATCOM satellite communication station under a radio-transparent dome, a receiving and transmitting radio center, an electric substation, barracks, service and technical buildings, fuel and logistics warehouses, and a fleet of vehicles with repair shops have been built. The center has an enhanced security mode. It has all the necessary conditions for working in emergency conditions.
On the black sea coast, near Sinop, there is a center for radio and radio intelligence that has modern radio-electronic and communication equipment with antenna structures under radio-transparent domes. It collects intelligence about the actions of Soviet aircraft and ships in the Black sea zone. In the area of Anadolukavaga (Bosphorus Strait), a center for radio and radio intelligence has been established, which provides the US Navy with intelligence about the activities of Soviet warships in the Black sea and the Strait zone. It has several antenna structures with modern radio-electronic equipment under radio-transparent domes, as well as various means of communication and a complex of office and technical buildings.
A seismic survey station is located in the town of gelbashi (16 km southwest of Ankara), which not only assesses the seismic situation in the country, but also collects and processes data on nuclear tests.
On the Northern coast of the Marmara sea in the area of Eargaburun, a station of the LORAN-C radio navigation system is deployed, which provides flights of combat and military transport aircraft and radio navigation of US and NATO ships in the Mediterranean zone. An antenna field has been deployed on its territory, and a complex of buildings has been constructed.
In the South of Turkey, in the area of Adana, there is the largest American air base in the middle East, Incirlik, where the us air force tactical aircraft are constantly on combat duty. The American command has repeatedly used it to assist its ally-Israel during the aggression in Lebanon, as well as for espionage actions against the Soviet Union. The air base has an airstrip (runway) with a length of more than 3000 m and is capable of receiving strategic bombers. Its territory is equipped with taxiways, warehouses, including nuclear ammunition, shelters for aircraft, communication nodes, radio navigation equipment is deployed, there are headquarters, service and technical premises. Washington continues to seek consent from Ankara to increase the number of us nuclear weapons carriers based there in peacetime.
In November 1982, the us-Turkish Memorandum of understanding was signed, providing for the deployment of us tactical aircraft to the Turkish advanced air bases of Erzurum, van, Batman, mush, Diyarbakir, Muirted, Eskisehir, Izmir, and Chigli, in accordance with NATO plans. Most of them are located in close proximity to the borders with the Soviet Union.
Currently, American experts continue to carry out measures to modernize existing airfields and simultaneously are building a new air base in the area of mush with a runway length of more than 3000 m.
In the cities of Izmir and Chigli on the Aegean coast, two air bases have been built for the deployment of Turkish tactical aviation. They are also used by units of the U.S. air force during exercises in the NATO framework.
Air Force Base Incirlik – Turkey
Smooth as an arrow, three-kilometer "concrete" figs Can be seen from afar. A large American base, built in the early 1950s, became one of the main actors of the Cold war-the immediate proximity to the borders of the Soviet Union, as well as the good location in relation to Iraq, Syria and the entire zone of the Arab – Israeli conflict turned figs Into a priceless treasure of the US air force.
From here, the EU-130 and U-2 made their reconnaissance flights, with the help of their air base, the Americans continuously "monitored" the situation in the middle East, Figirlik provided the entire Northern sector of operation desert Storm, and served as a reference point during the occupation of Afghanistan and Iraq.
To date, the airbase Incirlik built 3048-metre runway and 57 of the protected aircraft hangars and caponiers from armobeton here permanently based 39th air wing of the U.S. air force, Incirlik actively used by the Turkish air force and the RAF.
In addition to the Figirlik air base, Turkey has a major American naval/air base in Izmir and a military transport terminal in Ankara.
In which European countries does the US store its nuclear bombs
About 50 American nuclear bombs are stored at Incirlik air base in southern Turkey, the easternmost military facility of the US air force and NATO Command in Europe. The 10th air wing is stationed here, as well as the 2nd air force command of Turkey and the 39th air wing of the us air force, which is engaged in supplying and providing integrated forward-based aviation. It is from here that Turkish and American planes make combat flights to Syria.
However, the fate of the nuclear weapons stored here is unclear. Back in the summer of 2016, during the attempted coup in Turkey, Ankara banned American flights to and from the base. The day after the failed coup, security forces blocked and de-energized Incirlik. According to a number of European media reports, relations between the US and Turkey have since deteriorated so much that the Americans decided to relocate nuclear weapons from Incirlik to the Romanian base of Deveselu, where elements of the US missile DEFENSE system are deployed. However, this information has not been officially confirmed.
The North Atlantic Treaty organization (NATO) has 24 military bases in Turkey
1. Incirlik. NATO base (Incirlik Base). It is located eight kilometers from Adana, the fifth largest city in Turkey, and 56 km from the Mediterranean sea. It is an important regional logical air base of the Alliance. Managed by both the US and Turkey. On a permanent basis, more than 5,000 American troops, as well as several hundred British and Turkish troops. It has two runways. One is 3 km long and the other is 2.7 km long. The agreement to establish the base was made before world war 2, but construction actually began in 1951. The goal is to adopt medium and latest bombers, as well as repair and maintenance. Initially, the base was named "Adana Air Base", in 1958 it was named Incirlik (Incirlik). All military personnel live on the territory of the base.
Incirlik base is the largest nuclear weapons storage facility in Europe. 25 underground storage facilities. Each vault can contain up to 4 bombs. In 2000, there were 90 B61 nuclear bombs. And this warehouse is just 110 km from war-torn Syria.
2. The Airport Of Izmir. Izmir Air Station is a United States air force in Europe (USAFE) facility in Izmir, located 320 km southwest of Istanbul, next to the Aegean sea. It is the oldest U.S. base in Turkey. Since August 11, 2004, the headquarters (Allied Air Component Command) of the NATO air force in southern Europe has been located here.
3. Air Base Force (The Sile Air Base). The base competed with the base in Izmir. Since 1970, the database Has been switched to standby mode. Located near the Turkish city of Chigli in the province of Izmir.
4. Base in Konya. The Konya is the third main NATO air base. It is home to the 3rd air wing of the Turkish air force. It is located 18 km from Konya. There is also a passenger terminal. During the Iraq war, it housed avax aircraft.
5. Balikesir air base. Six missile storage facilities have been built here. No. 9 air wing of the Turkish air force.
6. Merzifon Air Base (The Merzifon Air Base). The military airport is located in the city of Merzifon in the province of Amasya. Merzifon is the base of the 5th air wing of the 2nd Turkish air force.
7. The Bartin Air Base. It is located in the Northern province of Bartin, on the Black sea. Bartin is a naval submarine base of the Turkish Navy.
8. Pirinclik Air Base. 41-year-old American military base near the city of Diyarbakir. There was once a NATO border post for monitoring the USSR and the Middle East, closed in 1997. Installation of space tracking systems.
9. Eskisehir Air Base (The Eskisehir Air Base). Military airport, located near the city of Eskisehir. Eskisehir is the base of the 1st air wing of the Turkish air force. The air operations headquarters (Combined Air Operations Center-6, CAOC-6) in Eskisehir is one of the ten command centers in Europe used by the U.S. air force to provide command and control of air and space operations.
10. Iskenderun naval base (the Iskenderun Naval Base). It is the main base of the Turkish Navy on the North-Eastern coast of the Mediterranean sea, 2.5 km North-East of the city of Iskenderun in the southern province of Hatay. Here is the command of the Turkish Navy of the southern sea region.
11. Bandirma Airport. Military airfield and state airport, located in the province of Balikesir. Bandirma is the base of the 6th air wing of the Turkish air force.
12. Afion Kara-Hissar Air Base (The Afion-Kara-Hissar Air Base). The second largest NATO base. This is the headquarters of NATO operations.
Korlu Air Base. The Corlu Air Base. Turkey is a NATO Base.
13. The Sarkisla Air Base in Sivas is located in the Eastern part of Anatolia, Central Turkey. The air base has a military radar.
14. Bornova Air Base. The Bornova Air Base is located in the Bornova district of Izmir province.
15. Air Force Base Luleburgaz. The Luleburgaz Air Base is located in the northwestern province of Kirklareli.
16. Korlu Air Base. The Corlu Air Base is located in the North-Western part of the city of Corlu in Tekirdag province
17. The Pazar Air Base. The Pazar Air Base is located in Pazar city in the North-Eastern province of Rize in the black sea region, 37 km from the city of Rize.
18. Erzurum Air Base. The Erzurum Air Base is located in the city of Erzurum in Eastern Anatolia.
19. Base Perşembe. The Persembe Air Base is located in Ordu on the Black sea coast of Turkey. Turkey uses a base for naval aviation. On October 28, 1981, a NATO base was established.
20. Izmit air base (or Cengiz Topel, named after the deceased pilot). The Air Base in Izmit located in Kocaeli.
21. The Air Force Base Kutahya. The Kutahya Air Base is a military airport in the Western province of Kutahya in the Aegean region.
22. Canakkale Air Base. The Canakkale Air Base is located in the northwestern province of Canakkale.
23. NATO also has a military facility in Ankara.
24. A rapidly deployable NATO corps headquartered in Istanbul.