US and NATO military bases in Romania
Map of locations of US and NATO military bases in Romania
United States Air Force bases in Romania:
- Mihail Kogălniceanu International Airport
- Deveselu Airbase
Romania: Bucharest (multi-national headquarters of the division level "South – East"); AVB "Mikhail kogelniceanu" (rotational units of the armored brigade, army aviation brigades, marine corps, passenger transit center of the armed forces, warehouses of the us air force; periodic deployment of aircraft to patrol the airspace of Romania-5 fighters of the canadian air force); n. p. Craiova (multinational "framework" (training) brigade of NATO, the formation continues, about 2.5 thousand people); AVB Deveselu (karakal, us/NATO missile defense system "aegis eshor»); AVB "Fetesti", "kympiya-turziy", airfield in otopen; port of Constanta, n. p. Medzhidiya (warehouse Vivt), improved polygons "Babadag", "Malina" ("Smyrdan") and "Chinku".
Romania is no better. However, Traian Basescu recently gave final consent to the construction of American missile DEFENSE systems. Defense Minister Mircea Dusha met with Pentagon chief Chuck Hagel in Washington. At the end of October, the Americans will fly to Romania for a solemn ceremony dedicated to the deployment of the us multi-purpose anti-aircraft missile system "aegis" on the basis of "Deveselu" in the modification for ground-based. It is planned that this element of the American missile DEFENSE system will be put into operation in 2015. The Pentagon stressed that the base in Romania will be an important component of the American plan, which provides for the deployment of elements of the missile DEFENSE system in Europe. Obama announced an "adaptable step-by-step approach" to creating a missile DEFENSE system in September 2009. Then the Americans abandoned the idea of creating a base of 10 mine-based interceptor missiles in Poland and placing an associated radar tracking station / radar/ in the Czech Republic. These ideas were developed under George Bush. The US missile defense SYSTEM in Europe was supposed to be created in four stages. At the first stage, in 2011, ships equipped with Ij is systems and standard - 3 es - em-3 interceptor missiles were deployed in the Mediterranean sea, and a missile DEFENSE radar was placed in Turkey.
At the second stage, by 2015, they planned to transfer mobile batteries with es-em-3 missiles to the territory of Romania.
By 2018, they were planned to be deployed in Poland.
And by 2020, the Pentagon wanted to replace these missiles with more advanced ones.
Romanian NATO bases
On the territory of Romania, the main focus is on improving the operational capabilities of the national air force bases for
reception, deployment and support of tactical and military transport aircraft of allies in the NATO bloc. As
the key objects of the selected airbase kampia of tursi, Fetesti Otopeni and M. kogălniceanu.
At the final stage is the reconstruction of the Fetesti air base, where the purchased from Portugal will be stationed
f-16 tactical fighters. A complex of works is being performed to update the runway, repair taxiways, and aircraft Parking lots, as well as equipping the airfield with navigation equipment that meets NATO standards.
In 2016 completed works to upgrade the infrastructure of the airbase kampia of tursi. In particular, expanded and lengthened Runway, replaced the coating of taxiways and Parking lots for aircraft, created additional storage space.
property, as well as modernization of air navigation equipment.
At the same time, measures were completed to improve the infrastructure of the military transport aviation airfield in
in the village of Otopeni, which included the repair of taxiways, Parking lots for aircraft, cdps, maintenance points
maintenance, as well as premises for the accommodation of personnel and cargo. The total cost of the work was about 9 million Euro, of which 7 million was allocated from NATO funds and 2 million from the budget of the Romanian Ministry of defense. Work on modernizing civil airfields, especially the largest ones (Iasi, Craiova, Brasov and Cluj-Napoca), whose capabilities can be used in the interests of NATO military aviation, has intensified.
Work is underway to lengthen, expand and improve the quality of runway coverage, create additional Parking lots for
aircraft, construction of cargo and passenger terminals and deployment of modern air navigation systems.
A total of 13 civil airfields are planned for major reconstruction by 2020, which, if necessary, will be able to
provide additional opportunities for deployment of the Alliance's aviation units. For these purposes, it is planned to
spend up to 600 million euros.
To ensure the activity of NATO ships and vessels in the black sea zone, facilities on the territory of the Russian Federation may be used Romania (Constanta and Mangalia) and Bulgaria (Varna and Burgas). Elements are currently being cast
infrastructure of naval bases in accordance with the standards of the Alliance. In this case, the main attention is paid to
it focuses on dredging, reconstruction of berthing facilities, creation of infrastructure for fuel storage and
refueling ships of the Alliance's navies, strengthening security measures at facilities and the surrounding area.
For the transfer of NATO troops and military supplies to the Eastern flank of the Alliance, it is planned to use
the Romanian port of Constanta and the Bulgarian ports of Burgas and Varna.
Exercises in Romania in April 2020
Black Sea. The navies of Romania and some other NATO countries conducted PASSEX exercises in the first half of April. Seven Romanian ships and ships from the permanent group SNMG-2, which operates in the Black Sea, took part in the maneuvers. Currently, SNMG-2 includes ships from Bulgaria, Canada, Italy, Romania and Turkey, which performed maritime surveillance missions until April 12. During the PASSEX maneuvers, communications, first aid at sea, the implementation of maritime bans, the fight against submarines and air defense, as well as the provision of humanitarian assistance were practiced. During the three-day stay of SNMG-2 ships in the Romanian port of Constanta, measures were taken to prevent the spread of the new coronavirus - official visits and joint seminars were canceled, a medical examination of the crews of Romanian ships was carried out, and measures were taken to prevent infection on board.