Map of USA and NATO military bases in Poland
Poland: Szczecin (headquarters of the multi-national army rapid response corps "North-East"); Elblong (multi-national headquarters of the divisional level "North-East"); Bydgoszcz (advanced command and staff cell and joint combat training center of the United armed forces of NATO); poznań (advanced divisional command of the US Army in Europe); Lublin (headquarters of the Lithuanian-Polish-Ukrainian brigade LITPOLUKRBRIG); Jagan, dravsko-pomorske, Torun, sventoszow, skvezhina, boleslavets (headquarters and units of the us army's rotating armoured brigade). Ozhish and Bemovo-Piske (multi-national battalion of NATO, 1093 people); n. p. Povidz (formed logistics "hub" of the US armed forces in Europe, a unit of the us army aviation rotation brigade); n. p. redzikovo (us/NATO missile defense complex "aegis Eshor", under construction); training ranges in n.p. Bedrusko, Gzhitsko, Vendzhina.
Upgrades in AVB, he Caresses, Malbork, Minsk Mazowiecki, Mirosławiec, Katowice, poznań (Krzesiny). Engineering works are carried out at the Gdynia and Svinousce naval bases, in the port of Gdansk.
The number of the American contingent is about 3 thousand people (including a unit in the NATO multinational battalion).
Warsaw and Washington are negotiating the deployment of a base of American unmanned aerial vehicles on the territory of the 12th UAV base of the Polish air force in Miroslavets. This information was confirmed by the press Secretary of the General command of the Polish Army.
Military experts say the Pentagon plans to deploy the MQ-9 "Reaper" UAV. Despite the fact that the Ministry of national defense of Poland does not comment on these data, it is known that the American side has already conducted a reconnaissance in Miroslavets and in the spring of this year, male-class attack drones (medium-altitude, long-duration flight) may appear here. Meanwhile, the Polish Army is not armed with drones of this class, but by the end of 2018, as part of the technical modernization of the Polish armed forces, it is planned to sign an agreement on their purchase.
Today, the Polish Army has various UAVs. The largest of these are the "ScanEagle" short-range tactical vehicles that were donated by the US government during the ISAF mission in Afghanistan. In addition, the Polish units are armed with Israeli-made Orbiter unmanned reconnaissance vehicles and FlyEye unmanned systems developed by the private group of companies Grupa WB, which works for the defense sector.
If we consider the American units stationed in Poland as part of the "strengthening of the forward presence", namely the combat armored brigade group, it should be noted that the tactical units stationed in the region have "mini" class drones of the " Raven "type or" Shadow 200 " tactical unmanned systems.
It should be noted that MQ-9 "Reaper" multi-purpose UAVs, which may soon appear on the territory of neighboring Poland, are capable of carrying GBU-12 Paveway II, GBU-38 JDAM bombs, Hellfire air-to-ground missiles (4 missiles can be placed) and striking ground targets with great efficiency. Reaper can also be used as a scout.
The maximum starting weight of the MQ-9 "Reaper" UAV is 4.7 tons, of which the payload is 1.7 tons. the Device can reach speeds of up to 370 km per hour (according to some sources up to 480 km per hour), fly at an altitude of 18.5 km. the Maximum flight duration of the MQ-9 "Reaper" UAV is 27 hours.
So far, heavy unmanned systems have only been used in Central and Eastern Europe in a few cases. For example, in 2015, the American MQ-1 " Predator "(they will be replaced by "Reaper") was used in Lithuania. In 2016, the Israeli Hermes 900 (MALE class) and Hermes 450 (tactical medium range) systems provided security for the NATO summit in Warsaw and world youth Days in Krakow. It is known that recently over Central and Eastern Europe, including over the territory of Ukraine, the UAV RQ-4 "Global Hawk" performed a reconnaissance flight.
Reaper UAVs are actively used in various combat operations in the middle East, Afghanistan and Africa.
In fact, in addition to the national armed forces, Poland currently hosts a multinational NATO combat battalion group, armament and military equipment depots, a us armored brigade group, a us army aviation brigade, a squadron of F-16 fighters and a link of us air force C-130 military transport aircraft.a NATO long-range radar detection and control aircraft is on duty in the country's airspace.
This is already a powerful strike potential on the Eastern flank of NATO directly at the borders of Belarus, which will increase significantly with the arrival of multi-purpose UAVs here. However, it is not entirely clear why such an increase in the us military presence in Poland is necessary. The poles do not have a direct threat from their neighbors – the Russians in the Kaliningrad region have too few troops to be of any strategic interest, and Belarus reduces its Armed forces every year and, if this continues until 2020, they will be four times less than the Polish ones. And then there are the American troops. In this case, the official Minsk should reconsider plans to optimize its own Armed forces, otherwise it will be too late.
A clear example of the results of transactions with the United States is the fate of f-16 fighters, which can be found in the journalistic investigations of the Onet portal. At the same time, it should be noted that this information resource is part of the Polish media mainstream. The owner of the portal is a large German-Swiss Corporation.
Sources in the Polish air force inform us that 2 of the 48 4th-generation fighters have already been disabled, and many of them are not being used at all due to technical reasons. One of the air force officers even reported that only 30-40% of all American-made aircraft are in service. Other reasons for improper use of the F-16 are the deepest crisis of the Polish military aviation, from which the best specialists – pilots, technicians, and engineers-are being dismissed.
All this is due to the low competitiveness of the financial system, as well as the political atmosphere in the Polish army, especially after the Law and justice party came to power in 2015.
This information surfaced completely by accident. In October 2019, the international conference on security defense and Security Monitor was held in Bucharest, where one of the speakers was an American expert Professor Thomas-Darrell young, who worked with the Polish defense Ministry, a teacher of Polish military schools. It was he who shared information about the fact that only 23 pilots in the Polish air force had received professional aerobatic training on the F-16.
In 2019, Poland fell on the same rake as in 2003.at the end of January, the President, Prime Minister and defense Minister jointly announced a new contract with Lockheed-Martin. This time, the country with the largest Catholic population in the world has pledged to purchase 32 5th-generation f-35 fighter jets for a total of $ 4.6 billion. The first aircraft will enter service with the Polish air force only in 2026, if there are no delays.
And here, even the parliamentary opposition has reasonable questions for the country's leadership. First, how much do the Polish army need such fighters at all? It is known that in the event of a full-scale conflict, their presence will not save Poland from destruction in any way. It is also known that F-35S can serve as reconnaissance aircraft. Given the Polish air force's patrolling of the Baltic States ' airspace, it is easy to guess that the fighters will be used for flights along the Russian border.
US military base Redzikovo Poland
The American aegis Ashore missile DEFENSE system in the Polish settlement of Redzikovo will not be put into operation in 2020 due to problems with the construction contractor. Although according to the Pentagon's plans, anti-missiles were to be put on combat duty in 2018.
As Vice Admiral John hill, Director of the missile defense Agency, told Defense News, problems with construction have already delayed the launch of the system for two years, and now the timing will have to be pushed back for another couple of years.
In particular, auxiliary controls, heating, power, and cooling systems are not yet ready. In December last year, specialists were sent to Poland, but the results are not reported.
In addition, in 2021, the Pentagon will need to allocate an additional $ 96 million to Fund anti-missiles that are already in temperature-controlled protective containers.
Recall that on August 20, 2008, the United States and Poland signed an agreement on the deployment of an American anti-missile base on Polish territory, where MIM-104 missiles will be placed.
Us missile defense under the threat of a Polish wild boar
American soldiers appealed to the Polish authorities to shoot wild animals in the forest around the US anti-missile base in the Polish city of redzikovo.
The Americans believe that the animals threaten the military and the functioning of the base, because they can damage the fence and lines of the security system.
In response, the local authorities of the Pomeranian Voivodeship agreed to shoot 53 wild boars, 24 deer, 10 foxes, 8 badgers, 6 raccoons, 4 Martens and 2 ferrets in the near future! By the way, in 2016-2017, Polish officials have already organized the shooting of 10 deer, 50 fallow deer, 60 wild boars, and 12 foxes in the vicinity of this base.
In addition, the leadership of the Pomeranian Voivodeship removed restrictions on limiting the population of deer, foxes, wild boars and ROE deer. This means that the military does not need to apply for permission to destroy animals in the area of the base next time, but can carry out the necessary measures independently.
With this solution, the us military leadership will soon come to Poland with pleasure-as if on a pleasure Safari.
The US missile DEFENSE base in redzikovo occupies 600 hectares of forest land, of which 200 hectares directly with missile defense facilities are the property of the Americans.
"The concept of expanding the complex includes the construction of an airstrip, which will require ensuring the safety of flights and air traffic," the decision of the Pomeranian sejmik reads.
"In addition, animals are destroying the fencing system, which is equipped with extremely expensive electronic systems. A break in the systems 'operation leads to additional costs for setting up patrols, urgent repairs to the fence, and restarting the system," officials wrote.
Polish hunting clubs, as well as some representatives of local authorities who opposed the absurd destruction of animals, appealed to the Minister of defense and the Prime Minister of the country on this issue.