Map of us and NATO military bases in Germany
United States Air Force bases in Germany:
- NATO Air Base Geilenkirchen, Geilenkirchen
- Ramstein Air Base
- Spangdahlem Air Base
United States Marine Corps bases in Germany:
- Camp Panzer Kaserne, Böblingen
Germany: Stuttgart-feichingen (headquarters of the us armed forces and special operations forces in Europe and Africa); Wiesbaden (headquarters of the US army commands in Europe and the us 7th army); ABB Ramstein, Ramstein-Misenbach (headquarters of the NATO joint air force commands, the US air force in Europe, the us 3rd air army, the control point of the US joint air FORCE security in Europe, Russia); udem (NATO joint air operations Center); filzek (2nd cavalry regiment of the us army); grafenwer (units of the 173rd airborne brigade, training center and advance storage point of the us army's VIV); Hohenfels (joint multinational training center); Kaiserslautern (division of the us army's patriot air defense system); Illesheim (headquarters and units of the us army's rotational aviation brigade); beblingen (headquarters of us marine corps forces in Europe and Africa); Dulmen, Mannheim, mizau (points of Advance storage of weapons and military equipment of the us army); AVB in the years of the Soviet Union. Geilenkirchen (aircraft of the avax aviation radio detection and guidance system (AWACS) of NATO) and Spangdalem; headquarters of the garrison commands in Ansbach, Wiesbaden, Kaiserslautern, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Stuttgart-Feichingen.
The number of the American contingent is about 38 thousand people.
Ramstein Air Base-Germany
The famous air base, designed by French engineers and built using German free labor from the American occupation zone. It has been in active operation since 1952.
Ramstein is part Of the military community of Kaiserslautern, which, in addition to the air base, includes Europe's largest military hospital Landstuhl, landfills, barracks and storage facilities of the US army, a small air base Kapaun, a nuclear Arsenal, and an underground command center of the joint air defense system of NATO countries. Currently, more than 50 thousand American military and civilian specialists and 6 thousand German personnel are stationed here.
Ramstein became world-famous for the terrible performance of the Italian aerobatic team "Frecce Tricolori" - three planes collided in the air at the Flugtag 88 air show. One of the crippled cars crashed at high speed directly into the crowd of spectators, 70 people were killed in the fiery Inferno, and another 350 were seriously injured.
Currently, Ramstein is a key transshipment point for the us Airmobile command.16 squadrons of military transport aircraft of the 86th air wing are permanently stationed at The air base.
In addition, in Germany there are three other American airbase: büchel, Geilenkirchen and Spangdalem.
During world war II, the German air force used a section of the autobahn near Ramstein-Misenbach as an airstrip, which was captured by advancing American troops at the end of the war. From April 1951 to mid-1953, the American and French armed forces, in order to strengthen their presence in the occupation zone, began to expand and complete a new air base, the southern part of which ("Landstuhl air Base") was the actual runway, and the Northern ("Ramstein air force Facility") was the headquarters and administration. On December 1, 1957, both facilities were merged under the name "Ramstein-Landstuhl air Base", which was later simplified to"Ramstein air Base". In March 1973, the headquarters of the US air force in Europe moved to the air base. In December 2005, Ramstein air Base became infamous for secret CIA flights to transport prisoners.
Ramstein air base is located just East of the eponymous city of Ramstein, ten kilometers West of Kaiserslautern, in the Federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate.
Ramstein is the largest American air force base outside of the United States. The air base has two runways (08/26 with a length of 3200 m and 09/27 with a length of 2830 m). About 35,000 military personnel are stationed at the base and about 4,000 civilian specialists work there. Ramstein is one of two bases in Germany where nuclear weapons are stored (about 150 units in total). Until 1994, f-16 squadrons were based here, and even earlier, F-84 and F-4. Since 1971 and to this day, the air base is stationed transport aircraft Airmobile command of the United States air force.
Ramstein air base is the most important transshipment point for the transportation of cargo and personnel of the United States in Europe. It can also be used as an evacuation point, since the largest American hospital outside the United States is located near the city of Landstuhl.
On August 28, 1988, a terrible plane crash occurred during the Flugtag'88 Airshow at Ramstein base. During the performance of the Italian aerobatic team Frecce Tricolori, three of the ten Aermacchi MB-339PAN aircraft collided. As a result of the collision, one of the planes crashed into the audience. Seventy people (including three pilots) were killed and, according to various sources, between 300 and 400 people were seriously injured.
Nuclear bombs at the German-American Buechel air base
The report of the Committee of the NATO parliamentary Assembly mentions the German-American air base Buchel near the city of Cochem in Rhineland-Palatinate. After the Americans withdrew their nuclear weapons from Ramstein in 2007, the Buchel base remained the only B61 bomb storage facility in Germany. According to open sources, there are about 20 special munitions. The 702nd squadron of the United States air force is responsible for them. The 33rd tactical air wing of the Luftwaffe is based here on Tornado IDS fighter-bombers. This is the only formation in the German air force capable of using nuclear weapons.
Germany - Americans are being returned home
US defense Secretary mark Esper on July 29 at a press conference announced the withdrawal of 11.9 thousand American troops from Germany. Approximately 6,400 of them will return to their homeland, while the rest will be relocated to Italy and Belgium. The head of the Pentagon noted that in the future, the US can deploy additional forces in Poland and the three Baltic republics. According to Esper, the withdrawal of troops from Germany will take several weeks. In Germany, there will be 24 thousand American military personnel (according to Deutsche Welle, only about 29 thousand us military personnel are currently in Germany). In addition, the European command of the us armed forces (EUCOM) will move its headquarters from Stuttgart, Germany, to Mons, Belgium.
The US plans to reduce the number of its troops in Germany became known in mid-June. The reason, according to Donald trump, was insufficient funding by the German government for NATO military programs. "As you know, Germany has overdue its payments to NATO. They pay 1 percent, and they should pay 2 percent… We protect Germany, and they don't pay," he said.
GERMANY - war news for January 2020
* According to Lieutenant General I. Gerhartz, the country's air force is currently not capable of combat and does not have modern fighters, and the Typhoon aircraft in service need modernization. According to him, she will begin only in 2022, although the new radar intended for installation on Typhoons began to be developed back in 2007. In February 2019, the country's military department abandoned the procurement of the F-35, which could replace the Tornado fighter.
* Minister of Economy and Energy P. Altmaier announced his intention to study the issue of building its own spaceport in the country. According to the national industrial union BDI, this will allow launching small rockets - the so-called micro-rockets with satellites. As one of the possible sites for the construction of such an object, it is proposed to consider the airport in Rostock (federal state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) or Nordholz airbase (Lower Saxony).
* According to the DPA agency, the volume of exports of arms and military goods from Germany in 2019 exceeded 7.4 billion euros thanks to almost 10 thousand transactions. 2015 was a record year for the military-industrial complex, when the government approved contracts in the amount of 7.86 billion euros.
* The Budget Committee of the Bundestag approved a number of military projects worth almost 560 million euros, of which 73 million were allocated to extend the service life of the Wiesel-1 airborne armored personnel carrier until 2030. 196 units of such equipment will be repaired and modernized. In total, 345 vehicles of this modification were produced from 1989 to 1992.