Naval Submarine Base New London in Groton
Road atlas of East US and Canada
Maps of United states and Canada
Naval Submarine Base New London in Groton, CT Connecticut Military Bases
Just like its officials describe it, Naval Submarine Base New London is the capital of the world when it comes to such machines. At the same time, it is often referred to as the home of the strongest submarine force. The fact is that this military base is the most important submarine base the United States Navy controls. The base is named after its location. It was established in the southeastern corner of Connecticut, close to New London.
The history of Submarine Base New London begins in 1868. It is one of the oldest military bases the US Navy operates. The local authorities in Connecticut gave the US Navy about 0.5 square kilometers to develop a new naval base. The funds were null, as the government was going through a harsh financial time. Therefore, the base became functional in 1872 only. However, it only had three buildings, so there was nothing special about it. During its first years, finding a purpose for such a small base was very hard. The lack of funds didn’t give it the possibility to expand and advance, therefore it was turned into a coaling base.
In 1915, the first five submarines reached the destination. One of them was Ozark. The times were harsh as World War I drew the world in a very complicated situation. There were severe fights taking place in the Atlantic, not to mention about Europe. One year later, multiple submarines were “driven” to the station. With a relatively decent amount of submarines and crafts, the base was finally turned into a sub base. That is when it became the premiere base of the US Navy in a matter of submarines. Soon after World War I reached to an end, the authorities found the funds to improve the status of the facility. Multiple training sites and schools were built on site, so the place finally got to deserve the name and reputation it had.
The first nuclear machine USS Nautilus joined the station in 1954. It was declared to be a National Historic Landmark around three decades later. Today, it is hosted close to the main gate. The civilians are free to visit it every day except for Tuesdays.
In 2005, Submarine Base New London was among the subjects of the BRAC – Base Realignment and Closure – commission. The authorities decided it was no longer that useful, so they planned to close it down. However, when it came to voting, the decision was canceled, therefore the base remained alive and still operating. There are around fifteen different ships hosted on site. They are split in two categories – Virginia class submarines and Los Angeles class submarines.
There are no more than ten permanent units at Submarine Base New London, including the Submarine Learning Center, the Naval Branch Health Clinic, the Naval Submarine School and the Commander Submarine Group 2. The Naval Undersea Medical Institute is just as important. Aside from these main units, there are plenty of temporary tenants as well, but their role is not very significant.
Research And Development Center Coast Guard Groton, CT Connecticut Military Bases
Located in the southern side of Connecticut, R & D Center is one of the few military facilities operated by the United States Coast Guard in this state. It is the only facility of its kind in this armed force. It is responsible for taking all the research studies, evaluation, test and development of various systems and equipments to be implemented and adopted by the US Coast Guard. There are no other similar facilities in the country, hence the importance of this center. It is one of the few installations that are constantly upgraded and updated with the latest technologies on the market.
R & D Center is a research and development center. In order to fulfill its comprehensive mission, it operates multiple divisions, teams and units. Supporting all the US Coast Guard units and stations is a real challenge, since there are plenty of them. Therefore, the center operates in a tight collaboration with these divisions and a few other agencies for a good coordination. Other than that, it also operates a detachment – Fire and Safety Test – to evaluate its latest work. The detachment conducts a wide variety of testing studies, including ship fire tests. It is one of the most advanced testing sites in the United States of America.
R & D Center provides effective solutions for all the operations the US Coast Guard involves in. The experts operating this center maintain an impressive amalgam of technologies and projects that deal with all the operations, no matter how impressive or insignificant they are. Believe it or not, it is the one and only center that performs such studies and research operations to support the missions. There are no other similar facilities in the United States of America. The research studies cover absolutely any objective of the armed forces. Among the most important ones, you can count detention of drug smugglers, issues with the oil and hazardous spills, the safety of the maritime environment or the commercial performance. These are some of the basic acts that constantly require improvements.
The United States Coast Guard maintains the maritime safety, enforces the law whenever the situation arises and protects the life by patrolling and search and rescue (SAR) operations. All these missions are adapted for national defense purposes.
There are six general programs that support the US Coast Guard efforts to deal with its mission. The surface one maintains the defensive or offensive purposes of all the registered ships and vessels, as well as the ports and stations under the US Coast Guard. On the other hand, the air program has a similar purpose, except for the fact its array of activities is in the air. Another very important program at R & D Center is C4ISR, which operates the communications, the sensor based systems or the cyber field. There are three other programs, counting the evaluation, the analysis and the environment. R & D Center is also responsible for a few other projects, but they are not as important.
Coast Guard Academy in New London, CT Connecticut Military Bases
Located in New London, Connecticut, Coast Guard Academy is one of the most prestigious institutions in the United States of America. It is the one and only academy with military purposes of the US Coast Guard. When compared to the other four military branches in the country, this is the smallest one. The institution supports not less than eight different fields and trains officers in each of them. Another difference from the other academies is in the admission. If you need a nomination from a congressman to join any other academy, this one doesn’t require one. Instead, the admission depends on your merit. The aspirants are referred to as officers in training. The financial side is not important. Every aspect is fully covered by the US Coast Guard, but once they graduate, the officers must perform at least five years in the branch. The costs, as well as the obligations, might differ from one field to another. For instance, the flight school is one of the most expensive ones.
Coast Guard Academy becomes the main source of knowledge and training for around 300 cadets every year. Only about 200 of them manage to graduate. They end up with a Bachelor’s degree in one of the eight fields they gain access to. Once they are in, the officers in training must adopt the local code of honor. The mascot of the academy is a bear called Objee, while the colors are white, blue and red.
The history of Coast Guard Academy dates back to the 19-th century and the Revenue Cutter Service. The institution was founded in 1876, in Bedford, Massachusetts. There was one ship available for the schooling and training operations – USRC Doblin. The first commander was John Henriques. The courses lasted two years back then. They were mostly taken on the waters, but they were also mixed with a few basic classes. In 1900, the institution was relocated to Curtis Bay, Maryland. Ten years later, it was moved again close to New London, Connecticut. In 1914, it was renamed to describe its missions better, while one year later it was merged with the Life Saving Service. The new location adopted the name it still carries today.
In order to deal with the financial side and honor the officials for choosing New London for this prestigious institution, the local authorities decided to actually donate the land it is placed on. In 1932, Coast Guard Academy benefited from some advanced war reparations coming from German engineers. They also renovated USCGC Eagle. The work was so advanced that the ship is still the main training center for the cadets. In 1961, president Kennedy decided to integrate the academy racially, which means the black cadets were also allowed in and treated like everyone else.
The mission of Coast Guard Academy comes as a longer motto that must be adopted by the cadets in their first days. The academy aims to train some of the finest officers – both males and females – in the arts of obedience, loyalty and honor. They will be fully integrated, while the officials will work on their training, skills, bodies and minds.