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Fort Necessity National Battlefield
In southwestern Pennsylvania, southeast of Uniontown
On July 3, 1754, the opening battle of the French and Indian War took place at a palisade fort built here by a 22-year-old George Washington. He was forced to surrender to an enemy for the first and only time in his military career. The fort has been reconstructed on the site. The site was established as a national battlefield in 1931, transferred to the Park Service in 1933, and redesignated in 1961.
WHAT TO SEE & DO
Cross-country skiing, hiking, picnicking, touring fort, historic tavern, grave site, and glen. Facilities: Visitor center, historic tavern, trails, wayside exhibits, grave. Bookstore, grills, pavilions, picnic area. Programs & Events: Ranger-guided walks, soldier-life programs (mid-June-mid-Aug.). National Road Festival (3rd weekend, May), Battle Anniversary Memorial Program (July 3). Tips & Hints: Go in summer for interpretive programs, fall for foliage. Busiest July and Aug., least crowded Dec. and Jan.
FOOD, LODGING & SUPPLIES
Camping: None in park. In Ohiopyle: Ohiopyle State Park (400 Kentuck Rd., off Rte. 381, tel. 724/329-8591; 226 tent sites, 4 cottages; $14-$36 cottages; flush toilets, showers, hook-ups). E3 Hotels: None in park. In Chalk Hill: Lodge at Chalk Hill (U.S. 40, tel. 724/438-8880 or 800/ 833-4283; 60 rooms, 6 suites; $78-$84). X Restaurants: None in park. In Hopwood: Sun Porch (U.S. 40, tel. 724/439-5734; $8-$12; closed Mon., no lunch Sat.). In Uniontown: Caileighs (105 E. Fayette St., tel. 724/437-9436; $14-$23; closed Mon.). 6 Groceries & Gear: None in park. In Hopwood: Adrians Market (1776 National Pike E, tel. 724/438-4304). In Ohiopyle: Falls Market (69 Main St., tel. 724/329-4973).
FEES, HOURS & REGULATIONS
Entrance fee: $3 adults, free ages 16 and under. No hunting. Leashed pets only. No motorized or mechanized equipment on trails. Visitor center open daily 9-5. Fort open daily 8-sunset. Mount Washington Tavern open daily for guided tours only. Jumonville Glen open mid-Apr.-Oct., daily. Braddock Grave site open daily.
HOW TO GET THERE
On U.S. 40, 11 mi east of Uniontown. Closest airports: Connellsville (16 mi); Morgantown, WV (37 mi); Pittsburgh (75 mi).
Fort Necessity National Battlefield (1 Washington Pkwy., Farmington, PA 15437, tel. 724/329-5512, fax 724/329-8682,). Fayette County Chamber of Commerce (Box 2124, Uniontown, PA 15401, tel. 724/437=571). Laurel Highland Convention & Visitors Bureau (120 E. Main St., Ligonier, PA 15658, tel. 724/238-5661).
Fort Necessity National Battlefield. Basic information for visitors wanting to see the Fort Necessity National Battlefield In southwestern Pennsylvania, southeast of Uniontown